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Title: Inductive responses of some organic metabolites for osmotic homeostasis in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seedlings during salt stress
Authors: Parida, Asish Kumar
Jha, Bhavanath
Keywords: organic
Issue Date: 6-Feb-2014
Abstract: The salt tolerance of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seedlings was evaluated by analyzing growth, nutrient uptake, electrolyte leakage, lipid peroxidation and alterations in levels of some organic metabolites under NaCl stress. The plant height, leaf area and plant biomass decreased significantly in salt-treated seedlings as compared with control. The relative water content (RWC %) of leaf decreased by 16 % at high concentrations of NaCl. There was an increase in the lipid peroxidation level and decrease in the electrolyte leakage at high concentrations of NaCl. The total free amino acid and proline contents of leaf increased by 5.5- and 43-folds, respectively in 150 mM NaCl-treated plants as compared with control. Total sugar and starch content increased significantly at high concentrations of NaCl. Chl a, Chl b, total chlorophyll and carotenoid contents decreased significantly at high salinity. Na? contents of leaf, stem and root increased in dosedependent manner. K? content remained unaffected in leaf and root and decreased in stem by salinity. The results from present study reveal that the peanut plants have an efficient adaptive mechanism to tolerate high salinity by maintaining adequate leaf water status associated with growth restriction. In order to circumvent the stress resulting from high salinity, the levels of some organic metabolites such as total free amino acids, proline, total sugars and starch were elevated. The elevated levels of the organic metabolites may possibly have some role in maintenance of
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ACPP reprint.pdfActa Physiol Plant (2013) 35:2821–2832655 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
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